The production tools that revolutionised the display manufacturing of Smartphone´s and Ulta HD-TV´s
by Lennart BM Svensson, PhotonicSweden
The production tools that revolutionized the display manufacturing of Smartphone´s and Ulta HD-TV´s
Impact: Streaming video from smartphones and tablets require high-resolution displays, which are taken for granted in our society today. But it would not have been possible without advanced manufacturing tools. Mycronic develops, manufactures and markets laser mask writers, one of the world’s most advanced production systems used for photomask production. Mycronic has more than three decades of experience of microlithography and photomask printing. The display mask writers and metrology systems are the de facto industry standard and their tools are used in production of all high resolution TFT-LCD and AMOLED displays worldwide.
ADB Safegate is a leading provider of intelligent solutions to airports for safe and efficient navigation and handling of aircraft on the ground, such as the docking of the aircraft at the gates based on laser radar technology and has developed robust LED-based positioning lights for runways. ADB Safegate, founded in 1973 with headquarters in Malmö (south of Sweden), has more than 900 employees in more than 20 countries and operates in more than 175 countries, serving more than 2,000 airports.
Visual Sweden is the name of the imitative to spread the knowledge of Östergötland’s visualization even more. Already today, Visualization Center in Norrköping and CMIV in Linköping are familiar for their jobs. Now Visual Sweden won a competition called Win Plant. The prize means that Visual Sweden receives money from the Swedish innovation agency, Vinnova. The idea is to continue to develop visualization in various forms, and to disseminate the knowledge that is already available to more potential users. In Visual Sweden included Linköping University, Region Östergötland, Norrköping and Linköping municipality and a number of companies in Östergötland. If added up, the money from Vinnova money from those involved in Visual Sweden will be an addition of SEK 100 million over the next ten years.
By deploying Remote Tower Services (RTS) one or numerous Air Traffic Control towers can be operated from another location irrespective of distance. The result is an airport which can offer more flexible air traffic services ”on demand” and versatile opening hours to meet customer requirements. Furthermore, it has also a great potential for further development, with the possibility to become a real game changer in the future of control tower building. The main innovative aspect of RTS is that it does not need the physical presence of controllers. Through this concept, in the future, a tower could be controlled from any country or location and one RTS could even control several airports.
Light is on its way to substitute and complete electricity in more areas in our society than we can think of. Mostly known is the fiber optical cable, which transfers light pulses instead of electricity. For a long time, data transmission was done electrically over copper cables, but when the amount of data is increasing and the transmission speed is increasing, the energy loss in copper is becoming too large. Light is travelling with very small attenuation in thin optical fibers and is then the alternative. In the future, communication in computer processors will also be optical for the same reason. Signals will be sent all the way into the heart of the computers, the integrated circuits, and they will be powered by microscopic lasers, light emitting diodes and other photonic components.
A short Summary of Children’s Universities in Sweden
Download report here: 2015-12-14-Childrens Universities in Sweden-Work-v3
Swedish primary schools
In Sweden the population is 9,8 million living in 290 municipalities. Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children between age 7 and age 16. The number of pupils in primary schools continues to increase for several years with small pupil cohorts. In the academic year 2014/15 went nearly 950,000 pupils in compulsory education, an increase of just over 28,500 students from the previous academic year. According to current forecasts, the number of students continues to increase to nearly 1,034,000 pupil’s school year 2020/21.
In Sweden municipalities are responsible for primary schools. In the academic year 2014/15 there were 4040 municipal school units, 5 Sami school units and 800 independent school units at the primary level. The majority of primary school pupils attend public schools.
In primary school, there are over 90,000 teachers. Nine out of ten have a teaching degree. It is about 12 students per teacher in elementary school. Municipal schools have a slightly higher staffing ratio compared to independent schools.
In Sweden there are at least two non-profit organizations that could be named as part of the Swedish Children’s Universities, namely “Science Centers in Sweden” and ”Snilleblixtarna”.
Science Centers in Sweden www.fssc.se
There are over 3 000 Science Centers in the world, and in Sweden there are 18 Science Centers. Science centers are science museums open to the public that emphasize a hands-on approach, featuring interactive exhibits that encourage visitors to experiment and explore. The Science Center’s in Swedish has 2 million visitors per year, of which 315,000 are school pupils and 30,000 are teachers.
These 30,000 teachers are trained, and takes part of the Science Center’s scientific approach. The base concept requires: common set of values, it must be scientifically based, and accessible to the public. This is also reflected in the statutes for the Swedish Science centers.
”Touch a scientist, and you touch a child.” Ray Bradbury
“Science centers recognize that the three pillars of interactive science engagement are science knowledge, hands-on interaction, and dialogue and the co-creation of experiences with scientists and the public.” From Cape Town-deklarationen 2011
Åsa Haglund, Associate Professor at Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Photonics Laboratory at Chalmers University of Technology in Gotheburg, describes the probable increased importance of blue laser light in different applications including lighting and biomedicine. This video from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research and published on May 30, 2017, is in Swedish with English subtitles.
Jiajia Chen, Associate Professor at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, describes the challenges related to the energy consuption of internet and the strong position of Sweden in the field of optical fiber communication and networks. This video from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research was published on May 9, 2017.